Visual Impairment in Psychosis: Cause, Consequence, or Biomarker?
Approved Research ID: 53233
Approval date: November 25th 2020
Eyesight Problems and Psychotic Illnesses: What's the Link?
Psychotic illnesses affect about 1% of people. Symptoms include hearing voices and having confusing and distressing thoughts. These can have a large effect on people's lives.
People with psychotic illnesses seem to have more eyesight problems. We don't know why. Here are three possible reasons:
1: They find it hard to look after their eyes. For example, it might be harder to get to the optician's.
2: They have brain changes that cause both eyesight problems and psychotic illnesses.
3: Eyesight problems increase someone's chances of having a psychotic illness.
I plan to look at which of these reasons best explains why eyesight problems and psychotic illnesses occur together more than would happen by chance.
If people with psychotic illnesses have less good eye care, we need to improve this.
If the same brain changes are causing poor eyesight and psychotic illnesses, this would teach us more about the causes of psychotic illnesses.
If eyesight problems lead to psychotic illnesses, then improving eye health could help to prevent or treat psychotic illnesses.
I will look at two large datasets to test these theories: The UK Biobank and the UK Genomics Consortium. Genes are present before birth, so are decided before any psychotic illness develops. I will see if people with genes for short-sight have more psychotic illnesses. If they do, this suggests that poor eyesight increases a person's chances of getting psychotic illnesses. I will also find out if genes for psychotic illnesses are linked with eyesight problems. This would suggest the reverse: that people with psychotic illnesses have a higher chance of developing poor eyesight.
I will chair an advisory group every 6 months. People with psychotic illnesses and people with eyesight problems will be members and will help to decide how the research is run. The group will also include carers, charity members and doctors. We will discuss how to use any results to improve healthcare for people with eyesight problems and psychotic illnesses.
After 18 months the research should be finished. I will tell healthcare professionals and researchers about my results at meetings and in journals. I will write about them in publications aimed at people with mental health and eyesight problems. I will also present findings to public groups, through links with the Royal National Institute for the Blind (RNIB) and a forum of mental health service users.